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ASTM E2070-2008 用等温法的差示扫描量热法测定动力系数的标准试验

ASTM E2070-2008 用等温法的差示扫描量热法测定动力系数的标准试验

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【英文标准名称】: Standard Test Method for Kinetic Parameters by Differential Scanning Calorimetry Using Isothermal Methods
【原文标准名称】: 用等温法的差示扫描量热法测定动力系数的标准试验
【标准号】: ASTM E2070-2008
【标准状态】: 现行
【国别】: 美国
【发布日期】: 2008
【实施或试行日期】:
【发布单位】: 美国材料与试验协会(US-ASTM)
【起草单位】: E37.01
【标准类型】: (Test Method)
【标准水平】: ()
【中文主题词】:
【英文主题词】: activation energy; autocatalytic reactions; crystallization reactions; differential scanning calorimetry (DSC); frequency factor; kinetics; nth order reactions; pre-exponential factor; reactions; thermal analysis; thermoset cu
【摘要】: This test method is useful for research and development, quality assurance, regulatory compliance and specification acceptance purposes. The determination of the order of a chemical reaction or transformation at specific temperatures or time conditions is beyond the scope of this test method. The activation energy results obtained by this method may be compared with those obtained from Test Method E 698 for nth order and autocatalytic reactions. Activation energy, pre-exponential factor and reaction order results by this method may be compared to those for Test Method E 2041 for nth order reactions.1.1 Test Method A determines kinetic parameters for activation energy, pre-exponential factor and reaction order using differential scanning calorimetry from a series of isothermal experiments over a small (8764; 10 K) temperature range. This treatment is applicable to low nth order reactions and to autocatalyzed reactions such as thermoset curing or pyrotechnic reactions and crystallization transformations in the temperature range from 300 to 900 K (30 to 630 x00B0;C). This test method is applicable only to these types of exothermic reactions when the thermal curves do not exhibit shoulders, discontinuities or shifts in baseline. 1.2 Test Method B also determines the activation energy of a set of time-to-event and isothermal temperature data generated by this or other procedures. 1.3 Test Method C determines the activation energy and initial heat flow from a series of isothermal experiments over a small temperature range. Because this approach only determines kinetic parameter of activation energy, no knowledge of the kinetic model is required. Therefore it is considered to be x201C;model freex201D;. This approach is broadly applicable to a variety of complicated reactions including those not well understood. 1.4 SI units are the standard. 1.5 This test method is similar but not equivalent to ISO 11357, Part 5, and provides more information than the ISO standard. 1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in Section 8.
【中国标准分类号】: A54
【国际标准分类号】: 17_200_10
【页数】: 11P.;A4
【正文语种】: 英语

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